University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Associate Professor of Political Science
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
July 2007-June 2011
Assistant Professor of Political Science
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
September 2001-June 2007
PhD, Department of Government, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
- Dissertation: “The Diffusion of Military Power: Causes and Consequences for International Politics”. Committee: Stephen P. Rosen (chair), Alastair Iain Johnston, Allan Stam.
Emory University, Atlanta, GA
August 1996-May 2000
B.A., summa cum laude in Political Science.
PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES
- “How Prior Military Experience Influences The Future Militarized Behavior of Leaders” (With Allan Stam) International Organization. Forthcoming.
- “Poor Man’s Atomic Bomb? Explaining the Relationship Between Weapons of Mass Destruction” (With Neil Narang) Journal of Conflict Resolution. Forthcoming.
- “Allying to Kill: Terrorist Intergroup Cooperation and the Consequences for Lethality” (With Phil Potter) Journal of Conflict Resolution. Forthcoming.
- “What Determines Military Victory? Testing the Modern System” (With Ryan Grauer)“. Security Studies 21:1 (2012), pp. 83-111.
- “When Backing Down is the Right Decision: Partisanship, New Information, and Audience Costs” (With Matt Levendusky) Journal of Politics 74:2 (2012), pp. 323-338.
- Received Best Paper Award from the Journal of Politics for articles published in 2012.
- “Drafting Support for War: Conscription and Mass Support for Warfare” (With Matt Levendusky). Journal of Politics, 73:2 (2011), pp. 524-534.
- “Domestic Institutions and Wartime Casualties” (with Erin Simpson and Allan Stam). International Studies Quarterly. 55:4 (December 2011), pp. 909-936.
- “Non-State Actors and the Diffusion of Innovations: The Case of Suicide Terrorism”. International Organization, 64:1 (Winter 2010), pp. 33-64.
- “Long Time Going: Religion and the Duration of Crusading”. International Security, 34:2 (Fall 2009), pp. 162-193.
- “The Spread of Nuclear Weapons and International Conflict: Does Experience Matter”. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53:2 (April 2009), pp. 234-25.
- Republished in Causes and Consequences of Nuclear Proliferation, edited by Robert Rauchhaus, Matt Kroenig, and Erik Gartzke (New York: Routledge, 2011).
- “Age, Regime Type, and Violence” (with Rose McDermott and Allan Stam). Journal of Conflict Resolution, 49:5 (October 2005), pp. 661-685.
- “Evolution or Revolution?” (with Stephen P. Rosen). Journal of Strategic Studies 28:3 (June 2005), pp. 437-448.
- “When Does Aerial Bombing Work? Quantitative Empirical Tests, 1917-1999” (with Dan Reiter). Journal of Conflict Resolution 45:2 (April 2001), pp. 147-173.
- The Diffusion of Military Power: Causes and Consequences for International Politics (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2010).
- Received 2010 Edgar S. Furniss Book Award from the Mershon Center for International Security Studies.
- Awarded 2011 Lasswell Prize by the Society of Policy Scientists.
- Awarded 2011 Best Book Award by the International Security Studies Section of the International Studies Association.
- Finalist for the 2011 International Studies Association Best Book Award.
PEER-REVIEWED BOOK CHAPTERS
- “Information Age Economics And The Future Of The East Asian Security Environment,” Prepared for edited volume on The Political Economy of National Security in East Asia, eds. Avery Goldstein and Edward Mansfield. Forthcoming at Stanford University Press.
- “Civilian Nuclear Power, Nuclear Weapons Programs, and Militarized Disputes,” Prepared for edited volume on The Nuclear Renaissance, eds. Matthew Fuhrmann and Adam Stulberg. Forthcoming at Stanford University Press.
JOURNAL ARTICLES UNDER REVIEW OR REVISION
- “Domestic Signaling of Commitment Credibility: Military Recruitment and Alliance Formation” (With Paul Poast and Allan Stam).
- “Leaders, Rebel Experience, and Nuclear Proliferation” (With Matt Fuhrmann).
- “Some Things Never Change: Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in the Roman Empire” (With Emerson Brooking).
BOOK MANUSCRIPTS IN PROGRESS
- Leader Background Experiences, Domestic Politics, and International Conflict: A Systematic Approach (with Allan Stam). Supported by NSF Grant Number SES-0920045. Expected completion of full draft, fall 2013.
- Religious Motivations and the Politics of Warfare. Supported by grant from the Smith Richardson Foundation. Expected completion of full draft, summer 2013.
- “Information Age Weaponry and the Future Shape of Security in East Asia” Global Asia (Summer 2011).
- “Maintaining American Military Power In An Age Of Uncertainty. Small Wars Journal (February 2, 1011).
- “A Common Future: NATO and the Protection of the Commons” Chicago Council on World Affairs, Transatlantic Paper Series #3 (2010).
- “Correspondence: Long Time Going”. International Security. 35:1 (Spring 2010), pp. 201-208.
- “Correspondence: The Limits to Partition” (with Alex Weisiger). International Security 33:4 (Spring 2009), pp. 203-210.
- “The Future of War and American Military Strategy” (with Dan Shalmon). Orbis 53:2 (Spring 2009), pp. 300-318.
- “Who’s Behind That Curtain? Unveiling Potential Leverage over Pyongyang”. The Washington Quarterly 28:1 (Winter 2005), pp. 21-44.
- “Don’t Take Canberra for Granted: The Future of the U.S.-Australian Alliance”. Orbis 48:3 (Summer 2004), pp. 465-478.
- Homeland Defense: A Strategic Approach (with Joseph J. Collins). CSIS Press: Washington, D.C. (2001).
- Defending America in the 21st Century: New Challenges, New Organizations, and New Policies (with Frank Cilluffo, Joseph J. Collins, Arnaud de Borchgrave, and Daniel Gouré). Report from the CSIS Homeland Defense Project. December 2000.
DRAFT ARTICLES/CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS/OTHER
- “Religion and the Costs of War”
- “The Evolution of Terrorist Tactics: The Case of Hijacking” (with Evan Perkoski and Philip Potter)
- “Modeling The Diffusion of Military Technologies” (with Christopher Brown)
- “Sizing Up the Adversary: Leader Attributes, Credibility, and Reciprocation in International Conflict” (with Philip Potter and Allan Stam)
- “Leader Backgrounds, Risk, and International conflict.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, San Francisco, April 2013.
- “The Life-Cycle of Terrorist Innovation: The Case of Hijacking.” With Phil Potter. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, San Diego, March 2012.
- “The Family Backgrounds of Leaders and Militarized Disputes.” With Allan Stam. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Peace Science Society, Los Angeles, October 2011.
- “How Prior Military Experience Influences Future Militarized Behavior.” With Allan Stam. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Seattle, September 2011.
- “Partisanship and the Use of Force: Do Party Reputations Matter” (with Matt Levendusky)
- “Does Where You Stand Depend On If You Served: Military Service and International Conflict.” With Allan Stam. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL, April 2011.
- “Terrorist Strategy and the Links Between Terrorist Movements: Quantitative Tests” (With Phil Potter). Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, New Orleans, LA, February 2010
- “Arms Control Treaties and US foreign policy”. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Toronto, Canada, September 2009.
- “The Transformation of Late 19th Century Navies and the Consequences for the International Security Environment”. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, San Francisco, CA, March 2008.
- “Losing the Next War: Designing US National Security Strategy”.
- “Does Religion Matter? The Impact of Religious Belief on Warfare”. Unpublished Manuscript.
- “Looking Back to Move Forward: China’s Response to the Soviet Threat and its Implications for Understanding Chinese Strategy, 1966-1975”. Unpublished Manuscript.
- Research Report on the Use of Identity Concepts in Comparative Politics (with Peter Bruland). Completed for the Harvard Identity Project. April 2003.
- Research Report on the Use of Identity Concepts in International Relations. Completed for the Harvard Identity Project. July 2002.
- PSCI-131: American Foreign Policy.
- PSCI-252: War, Strategy, and Politics.
- PSCI-598: Religion and War.
- PSCI-798: Statistics and International Conflict.
- Associate editor, International Studies Quarterly (beginning in 2014).
- Member of the editorial board of the Journal of Conflict Resolution.
- Book review editor for Orbis.
- Member of the American Political Science Association, International Studies Association. Peace Science Society, and Institute for International Strategic Studies.
- Reviewer for the American Political Science Review, American Journal of Political Science, Journal of Politics, International Organization, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, the Journal of Conflict Resolution, and many other journals.
- Received 2010 Henry Teune Award given by Pi Sigma Alpha students at the University of Pennsylvania for undergraduate teaching.
- Nominated for 2008 Helen Dwight Reid Award for the best dissertation in the field of international relations, politics, and law. Presented by the American Political Science Association.
- Nominated for 2008 Kenneth Waltz Award for the best dissertation in the field of international security. Presented by the International Security and Arms Control subsection of the American Political Science Association.
- Postdoctoral Fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (2006-2007).
- Awarded Dissertation Research Funds from the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University (November 2005).
- Invited to participate in the 6th Annual “New Faces” conference sponsored by the Triangle Institute for Security Studies, Duke University (September 2005).
- Predoctoral Fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (2005-2006).
- Sidney R. Knafel Dissertation Completion Fellow at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University (2005-2006).
- Predoctoral Fellow at the John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, Harvard University (2004-2005).
- Graduate Student Associate at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University (2003-2004).
- Awarded two Early Dissertation research grants from the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University (April 2003 and November 2003).
- Awarded two Summer Study research grants from the Department of Government, Harvard University (May 2002 and May 2003).
- Awarded Distinguished Teaching Certificate for Excellence for work in Historical Studies A-12, Introduction to Conflict and Cooperation, Spring 2003.
- First place at the National Debate Championship, the National Championship of College Debate (2000).
Council on Foreign Relations
International Affairs Fellow
- Placement in the Force Development Office in the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Policy.
Foreign Policy Research Institute
International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence
Center For A New American Security
Fall 2007-Spring 2009
Long Term Strategy Project
July 2004-July 2007
- Rigorous research and analysis on international security topics for the Office of Net Assessment in the Department of Defense. Current projects include studies on the nature of religious warfare and the future of American grand strategy.
Office of Net Assessment, Department of Defense/SAIC
June 2003-July 2004
- Conducted empirical research projects directly under the supervision of the Director of the Office of Net Assessment. Completed project on the geography of Chinese troop movements and threat perceptions. Assessed potential scenarios for Chinese use of directed energy weapons and wrote conference paper on directed energy weapons and United States strategy.
Center for Strategic and International Studies
August 2000-June 2001
Research Assistant, International Security Program
- Assistant Director of the Homeland Defense Project, November 2000-February 2001: Analyzed potential homeland security challenges and co-authored research monograph with project director. Responsibilities included research and analysis, coordinating multiple projects, administering conferences, and the project budget.
- Research Assistant on the Nuclear Modernization Project, the Cross Strait (China-Taiwan) Relations project, and the Reviewing the US-ROK Status of Forces Agreement Project. Worked on projects studying arms control in Asia, missile defense, and information technology.